The Green Morocco Plan agricultural strategy launched in 2008 was designed to make agriculture the main growth engine of the national economy over the next ten to fifteen years with significant benefits in terms of GDP growth, job creation, exports and poverty mitigation.
The Green Morocco Plan aims to develop a pluralistic agriculture that is open to foreign markets, locally diversified and especially sustainable.
The Green Morocco Plan is structured around seven pillars:
Make agriculture the main growth driver over the next 10-15 years.
Adopt aggregation as an organizing model for agriculture (*).
Ensure the development of Moroccan agriculture, inclusive without exception (Projects Pillar I and Pillar II).
Indeed, given the great diversity of national agriculture, the Green Morocco Plan has adopted two approaches that are differentiated according to the stakeholder.
Promote private investment. The objective is to attract an annual investment of nearly 10 billion dirhams (MAD) around a targeted «Moroccan supply.» To this end, the Investor’s Guide will present key information to domestic and foreign investors about the Moroccan agricultural sector while focusing on new measures and investment incentives provided by the Green Morocco Plan.
Adopt a contractual approach to achieve the Green Morocco Plan. Indeed, the implementation of the Green Morocco Plan requires mobilizing all stakeholders from different sectors, including government, regional and local elected officials, professionals and associations. Contracting relationships between the various stakeholders helps to ensure accountability of the agricultural stakeholders:
- Regional Agricultural Plans (PAR): Implementation of an agreement between the state and each region (16 Regional Agricultural Plans);
- Contract programs: Agreement between the State and inter-professional organizations (plant and animal production value chains);
- Aggregation: (1) Conventions established between the state and aggregators and (2) aggregation contracts between the aggregator and aggregated.
Sustain the development of Moroccan agriculture (natural resources, biodiversity, etc.)
- National irrigation water conservation program;
- Develop public-private partnerships in irrigation;
- Prepare the first project of seawater desalination for irrigation;
- Use environmentally friendly mechanisms and support aspects of climate change adaptation;
- Encourage the use of micro-irrigation through subsidies from the Agricultural Development Fund;
- Moroccan local development through the local products development strategy;
- Protect Moroccan local products by implementing labeling.
Overhaul the sector framework. This pillar has resulted in the creation of the ADA, among others.
The Green Morocco Plan is a major national strategy, based on several foundations. One of them, entitled «Ensuring the development of inclusive Moroccan agriculture» revolves around a comprehensive approach integrating all the participants in the agricultural sector while respecting the plurality of Moroccan agriculture. This approach is based on two pillars: Pillar I and II.
(*) Aggregation is a voluntary partnership between various parties to achieve a common goal. This system is based on integrating a number of farmers (aggregated) around a key stakeholder (aggregator) with a strong managerial, financial and technical capacity that enables an optimization of the production process.
The Green Morocco Plan defines a value chain approach as a fundamental principle to developing an efficient and integrated agriculture. At a time of globalized trade and increased competition in the agricultural products market, organizing value chains and private actors taking hold of the development sector are necessary conditions for improving competitiveness.
Seven years after the launch of the Green Morocco Plan, a total of 19 inter-professional federations have been created, including 14 representing the plant sectors and 5 representing the animal sectors, each having concluded a program contract with the Government.
Characterized by clear, comprehensive and coherent objectives, these program contracts embody the commitment and determination of the Ministry of Agriculture (MAPM) and professionals to work together to upgrade and develop key sectors by 2020.
The value chains concerned are:
VEGETABLE VALUE CHAIN
ANIMAL VALUE CHAIN
PROGRAM CONTRACT OBJECTIVES: DEVELOPMENT AND UPGRADING OF PRODUCTION VALUE CHAINS
- Encourage private investment at each level of the value chain
- Promote research and development and technology transfer programs with farmers and other operators in the sector
- Improve the value chain business environment and conditions
- Strengthen the competitiveness of the value chain by improving production and the conditions of its enhancement.
- Improve trade and export promotion conditions.